The Partners Nepal (TPN) is working on to develop Salpa-Arun Trekking Trail to promote Community-based Tourism in the Salpa-Arun Valley Region. The Salpa-Arun Trail in Nepal is the combination of two important names, such as Salpa, the pass that borders Solukhumbu and Bhojpur district, and the famous Arun River (SALPA-ARUN). This trail begins in Tumlingtar (457 m), follows the Arun River, crosses four mountain passes, and leads to Lukla (2800 m), the gateway to the Sagarmatha National Park or begins from Lukla the gateway to Mt. Everest and end up in Tumlingtar via Salpa pass at 3800m.
The area has great potential for community-based ecotourism due to its extraordinary natural landscape, cultural heritage, and connections to more popular trekking and mountaineering areas (Solukhumbu- Mera Peak). In this case, community-based ecotourism means improving livelihoods and as an incentive for the conservation of natural and cultural resources. In the past, some community-based tourism or ecotourism had implemented along with this off the trails, but after during the post conflicts, the program remained incomplete due to lack of funding and also security reasons.
The Salpa-Arun Trail is one of the most attractive and varied landscapes in Nepal. It is best known as the off-the-beaten and seldom visited trails. It links the popular Khumbu region with the Arun valley having a unique ecosystem, and the area protected as Makalu- Barun National Park and Buffer Zone established in 1992. This trail is a silent and off the beaten trail suitable for starts at Lukla and concludes at Tumlingtar, or the trek can do vice-versa. A very few tourists discovered the fascinating Salpa-Arun Trail home to a diversity of ethnic groups such as Kulung, Sherpa, and Limbus are the main inhabitants of the Arun valley region with traditional customs that haven’t changed for centuries. This trail has blessed with an incredible diversity of natural and cultural beauties. The Salpa-Arun trail provides an alternative approach to the Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park and Buffer Zone. It offers superb views of Mera Peak, Everest, Makalu, and also takes the trekker through picturesque rice paddies and lush forests. Since the area was getting popular for trekkers, the locals felt the need to improve trekking standards and change the name of the route from Arun Valley to the Salpa-Arun Trail trekking for better representation to respect the holy lake located at the Salpa Pass (3800m).